|Sample Formal Research Outlines|
An outline is the essence of your research - it is what you learned & how you learned it
Note structure - how the support is organized and provided:
Note: Topic = who or what your research is about; it is what you want to learn about. It is not included on your outline
Below are samples of student research topics. Click
to see, or scroll down the page to see them all.
1 Topic: Breaking the Glass Ceiling for
Autism: A Diagnosis of Utmost Importance
Diagnosing an individual with autism must be a decision that is rooted in certainty and confidence. Such a diagnosis will have a fundamental impact on the rest of the individual’s life.
I. If a
child is diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder during the first
Topic: The Great Apes and Language Ability
Habitual TV viewing of professional sports by young males can contribute towards despondency and a negative self image in the viewer.
males create self image based on what is aired on TV
1. Role models represent standard of male behavior
II. Professional sports set standards for young males to emulate
A. Standards are benchmarks which establish goals for young males
B. Professional sports are a major sources of entertainment
that ingrains standard for
young males to emulate
III. Inability to compete with perceived superior male image results in despondent behavior
A. physical competition is an important way young males establish dominance and self perception
B. inability to compete results in dependency
1. TV models are impossible to compete against
IV. Habitual behavior relating to TV viewing is reinforced by the male image perception creation process
A. Appearance of masculinity is important to young males
B. More TV watched reinforces standards in the young male that cannot be competed against
C. When faced with defeat, young males often retreat and feel defeated
V. Young males who feel despondent view themselves as failures
A. self image is a serious mitigating factor in determining self worth
VI. Impossible image to achieve result in more TV watched
A. Creates a circular pattern that perpetuates
the cycle of despondency
2. Results in more TV watched.
C. Results in perpetuated cycling of male modeling
5 Topic: Indian women
and hair sacrifice
6 Topic: Inflation
I While sleeping, the body is improved physically.
A. Cells are able to regenerate, and the body able to heal.
B. Sleep keeps the heart healthy.
C. Sleep helps
to lose weight.
II While sleeping, the body is improved mentally.
A. The brain upgrades itself by turning memory into an enhanced form.
B. Sleep keeps one more alert.
C. Sometimes sleep can help regulate nervousness and offer an escape from stress.
III The effects of lack of sleep are detrimental physically.
A. One night of sleep deprivation is equivalent to being legally intoxicated by B.alcohol.
C .Lack of sleep puts the body in high alert, which raises blood pressure that leads to stroke or heart attack.
D. Weakens the immune system. This can lead to getting sick easier.
IV The effects of lack of sleep are detrimental mentally
A. Increase of stress and irritability.
B. Hallucinations are much more common and can affect the conscious reality of the person.
C.Cannot formulate words, make quick logical decisions, and react to unpredicted rapid changes.
V Of the 5 Stages of sleep, the first & second stages help the body recharge the fastest
A. Power naps
are the most efficient way to recharge because the body
recharges faster at the beginning of the sleep cycle
B. REM sleep is at the end of the cycle, if one awakes at this stage, grogginess and sleepiness is a result.
VI A body’s internal clock that is scheduled for a 24 hour day/night cycle is the most beneficial
A. The internal clock is a rhythm that the body follows in a 24 hour day.
B. A clock that is not in sync with a day/night schedule could cause problems sleeping and waking up feeling tired.
C. The RCM is a
mechanism in the brain responsible for the 24 hour rhythm.
If it is damaged (concussion or injury) one
C. Disruption of the internal clock (like sleeping during the day) can make it more difficult to fall asleep.
VII There are potential theories of why sleep benefits animals and why the body does it.
Theory (Theory explains why sleeping and not moving helped
protect animals at night, since it was beneficial it
Conservation (Theory explains in the night was difficult to
hunt for food, animals slept to conserve energy until the
Theories (Explains how sleeping restores cells that were
damaged during activity, and helps rejuvenate the
D. Brain Plasticity Theory (Explains how sleep is needed so the brain can change itself based on days events)
I. I The Eden Alternative’s home-like design provides residents with a better living environment.
A. It transforms traditional sterile type long-term care facilities into a home-like environment.
B. It changes the overall culture of an organization to empower residents to make decisions involving their care.
C. Decisions regarding residents care are made by residents and their caregivers.
I. I “Hookup culture” is a popular term used to define the new phenomenon going on amongst America’s Y and Z generations.
a. A hookup is not easily defined, and has a unique meaning for every person.
i. Some consider a fleeting kiss hooking up, but others only credit having sex as hooking up.
ii. However, a hookup is done with a partner whom the person is not in a relationship with.
iii. Most of the time it happens once and then the physical connection between the two people is broken, but other times people hookup over and over again.
b. What constitutes a hookup is that there is no emotional connection between the participating parties.
i. It is expected to be casually thought about the next day.
ii. Depending on the situation, the two people remain simple friends if they were friends before the hookup or strangers if they did not know each other at all.
c. The culture aspect of the term is because hookup culture is a way of living in places like college campuses or a community of young professionals.
i. Hookup culture is the accepted way to live out one’s romantic life in these places.
ii. Young society has adopted this culture as the norm.
d. Hookup culture exists amongst America’s adolescents and twenty-something year olds.
i. Another name for generation Y is the millennial generation, and it consists of those born from 1977 to 1994.
1. Hookup culture is more present towards the tail end of this generation who are not yet married.
ii. Hopefully, only those in the very beginning of generation Z have experienced hookup culture since this generation consists of those born from 1995 to present day.
The millennials and early generation Z have adopted
this influential culture as part of normal life and it
exists within many of their
a. It flourishes in an environment where the young are getting their first experience of physical independence from their parental figure or figures.
i. It thrives in a social setting like college.
b. Hookup culture is a fad and it is what the cool crowd is doing.
i. Friends say that it helps get to know what is desired in a future mate, and it takes less time to “play the field” without a committed relationship.
1. One can experience multiple sexual partners simultaneously.
ii. Peer pressure encourages the number of participants in hookup culture to increase.
1. Even if it makes people unhappy and unsatisfied it is socially accepted.
c. This phenomenon encourages casual sex rather than meaningful sex.
i. Sex has become so casual that it is an activity worked into a schedule or routine.
ii. Casual sex allows a person to engage in an activity that human bodies crave without the attachments of a monogamous relationship.
1. It is just to have fun and gain experience.
2. There is no emotional commitment, though one usually naturally develops if a sexual partner is repeated.
In opposition of hookup culture where relationships
are frowned upon, the new mentality of these adolescents and
a. Polygamy has a long history in society and religious cultures so it is not something new that young Americans are doing.
b. It could perhaps be a way human beings are looking to reach out to multiple people at once.
i. Despite their claim to desiring no emotional attachments, some humans search to fill a void in them through abundant sex.
c. Or it could be that the generation before provided a misrepresentation of love for those who choose to engage in hookup culture and polygamy.
IV. Today, priorities are ordered differently for America’s aspiring generations Y and Z than the priorities of previous generations.
a. Committed relationships restrict freedom to excel in careers.
b. People are in a relationship with their work or school and do not have the time for a committed relationship with a fellow human being.
i. In the movie Devil Wears Prada, Nate says to Andrea referring to her boss Miranda, “The person’s who phone calls you always take, that’s the person you are in the relationship with.”
c. Women have more freedom in the job fields today thanks to the women’s rights movement.
i. They no longer need to look for a husband to support them.
ii. Women are able to attain high paying jobs without discrimination more easily than in the past.
1. This gives them the freedom to stay single for a longer period of time.
V. The millennial generation has created a new era of dating due to their new priorities.
a. Career focus has increased the number of long distance relationships.
i. Some people decide to declare these distance relationships open, inviting in polygamy.
ii. The young choose to take the better job in a new city over committing to a romantic relationship.
b. The millennials have taken promiscuity one step farther than the generations that have preceded them, and generation Z will probably take it even further.
i. In this day and age, there are times when sex comes first and then the relationship follows.
c. The creation of dating websites has changed the world of relationships.
i. Dating websites support polygamy and hookup culture on a certain level.
1. It is easy to date, or even hookup with, multiple people off the site at the same time because there is little chance that they will know each other.
Thesis: Although a Cane Corso may appear to be aggressive in appearance and exhibit dominant behavior towards other dogs and humans, a potential owner must be a strong leader and needs to understand the breed’s history, health issues, and behavioral temperament in order to properly train the puppy into an obedient family dog.
I. The Cane Corso is a large Italian dog breed that comes from the family of the Italian Molosser and Neapolitan Mastiff.
A. The Cane Corso is one of the two native Italian
Mastiff types of breed that originate from the Roman
1. This breed was used by the Romans in warfare.
2. Cane Corso was used as a “catch dog” and as a hunter for wild boars.
3, Cane Corso is a rare breed and prior to 1990 was only known in southern Italy.
4. The Cane Corso arrived in America in the late 1980’s in Northern New Jersey.
B. The Cane Corso appears to be aggressive due to its size and appearance.
1. Cane Corso are athletic and males are slightly larger than females.
2. Potential owners have the option of cropping the puppy’s ears.
3. Cane Corso’s have leathery skin and coats have variations of colors.
4. This breed is known for its bite strength.
C. The breed exhibits dominant behavior towards humans and dogs.
1. As a puppy, a Cane Corso will test human behavior and characteristics.
2. Cane Corso common characteristic is to show aggression towards other dogs.
3. Some dogs have and develop fearful behaviors due to not enough of socialization.
D. The breed’s common health history problems.
1. Canine Hip Dysplasia is abnormal formation of the hip socket.
2. Demodex Mange in a dog is a common infestation of the dog’s skin with tiny, cigar-shaped eight-legged mites.
3. Cane Corsos develop eyelid abnormalities such as “cherry eye”, entropion, and ectropion.
4. Some dogs develop bloating where a
dog’s stomach produces excessive gas and enlarges severely
5. Following a schedule of feeding will allow the Cane Corso to grow correctly and prevent chance of disease.
6. As with humans, dogs are prone to cancer.
II. A potential owner of a Cane Corso needs to be strong minded.
A. All puppies are sweet and adorable when they
are young, but a Cane Corso will grow to be a large dog
1. Buy your puppy a soft bed and crate and show your Corso their sleeping location.
2. Do not allow Cane Corso pups to sleep on the bed or couch.
3. Potty training your Cane Corso.
4. Socializing your puppy with other animals.
5. Cane Corso needs to be around humans and kids of all ages.
B. Owner needs to show discipline and dominance so the puppy knows who the boss is.
1. Never hit your puppy.
2. Always offer praise and treats when puppy listens to commands.
3. No means no and owner needs to follow consistent training and commands at all times.
4. Three most important things Cane
Corso owners can do are neuter their dog, condition the dog
for the world,
III. Cane Corsos are similar to humans.
A. Motivating Cane Corso is like motivation humans, there must be an incentive.
1. Owners must be patient when learning tricks.
2. Cane Corso becomes a great family pet if properly raised and trained.